The title derived from the book ender's game, where Ender tells the story of the Formics after killing off all but one of them in a short story book titled, "The Hive Queen," and later the story of his brother in the another short story book titled, "The Hegemon." Both story's were signed with the pen name 'Speaker for the Dead,' so no one was aware of the original author.
This is the first book to talk about Starways Congress, a high standpoint Legislation for the human colonies. It is the first to fully mention the Hundred Worlds, 100 planets which humans colonized which are tightly intertwined by the xenocided Buggers' old Ansible technology. It also showed Ender's sister's terms for life forms, such as Varelse.
Like Ender's Game, the book won the Nebula Award in 1986,1 and the Hugo Award in 1987,2 making Card the first author in history to win both these awards in two consecutive years. Speaker for the Dead was published in a slightly revised edition in 1991. It was followed by Xenocide and Children of the Mind.